Tweaking with Registry

Tweaks with registry

What is the registry?

The registry is nothing more then a central place to store all settings on the computer. While a program doesn't have to store any data in the
registry, it's free to if it likes. It's like the configuration files for Linux and Unix, but rather then being stored in folders, it's stored in hives, a
folder-like structure. All of these are true of the Windows 8 registry:
1.A set of all the operating system's settings.
2.A database for your Group Policies.
3.A no-go area for amateurs!
4.A tool for troubleshooting operating system problems.
5.A back-end corresponding to the Control Panel's front-end.
6.A replacement for those old .ini files.
7.A vehicle for having fun while you tweak Windows 8.


Registry Keys?

There are 4 main keys:-
1.HKey_Classes_Root (HKCR)
2.HKey_Current_User (HKCU)
3.HKey_LocalMachine (HKLM)
4.HKey_Users (HKU)


Sub Keys, Hives and Values:

1. REG_BINARY
2. REG_DWORD
3. REG_EXPAND_SZ
4. REG_MULTI_SZ
5. REG_SZ
6. REG_RESOURCE_LIST
7. REG_RESOURCE_REQUIREMENTS_LI
8. REG_FU RESOURCE_DESIPTOR
9. REG_NONE
10.REG_LINK
11.REG_QWORD


WARNING:-Before going to tweaking of window registry user must make a backup of registry.

For Backup type "regedit" in run then in registry editor click on file and then click on Export and save as registry-backup- D-MM-YYYY.reg.
Lets start tweaking with registery.


CONENTS:-
1 Change the Name of the Recycle Bin.
2.Disable USB Devices.
3.Add “Recycle Bin” to My Computer.
4.Disable the Windows Task Manager.
5. Change the Registered Owner and Organization Name.
6.How to prevent Users from uninstalling metro applications.
7.Open any Folder in its own window(see in folder's menu).
8.Disable access to Registry Editor using REGEDIT.
9.Disable Desktop Right Click.
10.Disable Shutdown.
11.Disable ability to close browser (Internet Explorer).
12.stopping Automatic Updates during shutdown.
13.Disabling charm screen.
14.Change Number of Row Tiles.
15.Change the Border width of folders.
16.Enable Snapping on Low Resolution Screens.
19.Tweak Thumbnail Preview on Mouse-Over.



1.Change the Name of the Recycle Bin.

Through this user can able to change the name of recycle bin to his/her choice.
Key: (HKCR)\\CLSID\{645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}\LocalizedString
Value Name:(Default)
Value Type: REG_SZ
Value Data: "Write name of your choice"
Note:-Through this user can able to change the name of recycle bin to his/her choice.

name%20recy.jpg
recyclename2.jpg

2.Disable USB Devices

Key:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\UsbStor
Value Name:Start
Value Type: REG_DWORD
Value Data: 4
**Go to this link for step by step detail in this video :-https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uoRR_jefFUI&list=UUmG1n7V1JEz1GI7qQW8KQdg


3.Add “Recycle Bin” to My Computer

Key:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\MyComputer\NameSpace
Right-click on “NameSpace” and select New -> Key.
Name the key with the following name:
{645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E} //(including { })

addrecycle1.jpg
addrecycle2.jpg

4.Disable the Windows Task Manager

Key:HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System
Value Name:DisableTaskMgr
Value Type: REG_DWORD
Value Data: 1 (1 to enable, 0 to disable (0 Default))

taskmanger1.jpg

**Go to this link for step by step detail in this video :-*https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gqUb-5_AxJk&list=UUmG1n7V1JEz1GI7qQW8KQdg


5. Change the Registered Owner and Organization Name

Key:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion
Value Name:RegisterOwner,RegisteredOrganization
Value Type: REG_DWORD
Value Data: "Write name of your choice"

registere.jpg

**Go to this link for step by step detail in this video :-*https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mpN4mt30QjE


6.How to prevent Users from uninstalling metro applications

Key:HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwarePoliciesMicrosoftWindows
Value Name:NoUninstallFromStart
Value Type: REG_DWORD
Value Data:1 (1 to enable, 0 to disable (0 Default))

uninstall%20application.png

**Go to this link for step by step detail in this video :-*https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7akhZXglEnI


7.Open any Folder in its own window(see in folder's menu)

7.1
Key:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\CLASSES\DIRECTORY\SHELL\opennew
Value Name:{Default}
Value Type: REG_DWORD
Value Data:Open New &Window
7.2
Key:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\CLASSES\DIRECTORY\SHELL\opennew\command
Value Name:{Default}
Value Type: REG_DWORD
Value Data:explorer %1

uninstall%20application.jpg

**Go to this link for step by step detail in this video :-*https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lYfk-nqUvP0&list=UUmG1n7V1JEz1GI7qQW8KQdg


8.Disable access to Registry Editor using REGEDIT

Key:HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System
Value Name:DisableRegistryTools
Value Type:REG_DWORD
Value Data:1 (1 to enable, 0 to disable (0 Default))
Note:-To enable Registry editor back use Group policy editor or type this command in RUN "REG add HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\System /v DisableRegistryTools /t REG_DWORD /d 0 /f") Or use open source Ultimate Windows Tweaker 3.1.2.0.

registry.jpg

**Go to this link for step by step detail in this video :-*https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_HkmwdsbOIA&list=UUmG1n7V1JEz1GI7qQW8KQdg


9.Disable Desktop Right Click

Key: (HKCU|HKLM)\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer
Value Name: NoViewContextMenu
Value Type: REG_DWORD
Value Data:1 (1 to enable, 0 to disable (0 Default))


10.Disable Shutdown

Key: (HKCU|HKLM)\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer
Value Name: NoClose
Value Type: REG_DWORD
Value Data:1 (1 to enable, 0 to disable (0 Default))

shutdowndisable.jpg

**Go to this link for step by step detail in this video :-*https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MfcUXkn-FFQ&list=UUmG1n7V1JEz1GI7qQW8KQdg


11.Disable ability to close browser (Internet Explorer)

Key: (HKCU|HKLM)\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Restrictions
Value Name:NoBrowserClose
Value Type:REG_DWORD
Set To:1 (1 to enable, 0 to disable (0 by default))
**Go to this link for step by step detail in this video :-*https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vBfAusAMCII&list=UUmG1n7V1JEz1GI7qQW8KQdg


12.Automatic Updates - Options

Key: HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\WindowsUpdate\AU
Value Name: AUOptions
Value Type: REG_DWORD
Value Data: 2, 3, 4, 5
Notes:- These options control if it downloads the updates on it's own, or if it just tells the user when downloads are out. It also
controls if the service will install the updates, or prompt the user to install them later. 2 will tell you when there are updates to
download. 3 will download them automatically, and ask for an install. 4 will fully automate the process, but may not finish the
installs till you reboot. To use 4, you must have ScheduledInstallDay and ScheduledInstallTime set. 5 forces automatic
updates to be enabled, but allows the end users to configure it.

update%20stop.jpg

**Go to this link for step by step detail in this video :-*https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7akhZXglEnI


13.Disabling charm screen

Key:HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ImmersiveShell\EdgeUI
Value Name:"DisableCharmsHint","DisableTLcorner"
Value Type:REG_DWORD
Value Data:(1 to enable, 0 to disable (0 by default))

disble%20charm%281%29.jpg

Go to this link for step by step detail in this video :- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vSlm-6W-1t0


14.Change Number of Row Tiles

Key:HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ImmersiveShell\Grid
Value Name: Layout_MaximumRowCount
Value Type:REG_DWORD
Value Data:1,2,3,4,5

2.jpg

**Go to this link for step by step detail in this video :-*https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IBSG6mvIpyc&list=UUmG1n7V1JEz1GI7qQW8KQdg


15.Change the Border width of folders.

Key:HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop\WindowMetrics
Value Name:BorderWidth
Value Data:30

3.jpg

**Go to this link for step by step detail in this video :-*https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kG1P8QTgjjs&list=UUmG1n7V1JEz1GI7qQW8KQdg


16.Enable Snapping on Low Resolution Screens.

Key:HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ImmersiveShell\AppPositioner.
Value Name:AlwaysEnableLSSnapping
Value Data:1
**Go to this link for step by step detail in this video :-*https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aqLOhOFE3mA


17.Tweak Thumbnail Preview on Mouse-Over

Key:HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\ CurrentVersion\Explorer\Advanced
Value Name:ExtendedUIHoverTime
Value Data:1

1.jpg

**Go to this link for step by step detail in this video :-*https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rA1TQ74UjmQ&list=UUmG1n7V1JEz1GI7qQW8KQdg


18.Keyboard Remapping

Key:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Keyboard Layout
Value Data:Scancode Map
Value Key:hex:00,00,00,00,00,00,00,00,02,00,00,00,1d,00,3a,00, 00,00,00,00
Note:- The hex data is in five groups of four bytes:
00,00,00,00 — header version (always 00000000)
00,00,00,00 — header flags (always 00000000)
02,00,00,00 — number of entries (including terminating NULL)
1d,00,3a,00 — map entry: desired scancode, key to remap
00,00,00,00 — NULL terminator

The desired scancode is "Left-Ctrl" (scancode 0x1d) and the key to remap is CapsLock (scancode 0x3a).

Just copy that text to a text file named, for instance, CapsLockToCtrl.REG, then double-click that file. Note: The change will not go into effect until you reboot.
Reassign CapsLock to be CtrlTo undo the change, just use RegEdit to drill down to that Keyboard Layout key and delete the Scancode Map entry.

Remapping Other Keys
First, I want to point out that most of the time it's unwise to make permanent changes to your keyboard mapping. It's just not necessary because there are lots of programs that will let you set up macros so that a Shift-, Ctrl-, and/or Alt-key combination will make the computer take a desired action. For instance, you can write a short program (one or two lines of script), create a shortcut to it, and edit the properties of that shortcut to assign it a keyboard combination.

This registry remapping technique is awkward, since it requires a reboot, and I only recommend it in unique situations (such as attempting to avoiding insanity or suicide if you hit CapsLock even one more time :-)

That, said…
If you want to map more than one key, then you need to change the third item (number of entries) to a higher value and include more of the map entry values. Some scancodes are two bytes, with the lead-in byte being e0 or e1; this is usually used to distinguish keys that are duplicated; for instance, the R-Alt key is 0e,38. But, as we will see, it also appears for dedicated keyboard buttons.

At the bottom of this article, I've included an image of a standard keyboard, followed by a scancode list. You can use this registry technique to map any keys to any other.

A few candidate useless keys you might consider remapping are:
Caps Lock 3a
Num Lock 45
Scroll Lock 46
R-Alt e0,38
R-Ctrl e0,1d
Num / e0,35
Num * 37
Num 5 4c

If you want to make a key totally dead, set the desired scancode to 00,00.


Registry tweaking with software
Download ultimate windows tweaker 3.1 from this site http://www.thewindowsclub.com/ultimate-windows-tweaker-3-windows-8
Now extract that file which is downloaded and open it.

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Now execute ultimate windows tweaker.exe

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AUTHORS
1.Mukesh Gupta
2.Tarun Kumar Yadav

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